Without a doubt, using smartphones is an integral part of our daily routines. We wake up checking our phones and go to bed with them in our hands. Considering this, it’s not a big surprise that excessive use of cell phones has generated a new form of mental health problem, which is phone addiction.
Yes, smartphones, tablets, and laptops really help us solve various modern problems, but unfortunately, studies prove that compulsive use of phones leads to addiction. In fact, according to Wacks and Weinstein (2021), excessive smartphone use is related to mental, emotional, and even cognitive changes.
So, if you find yourself unable to restrict time in front of a screen or if you notice that scrolling down through social media seriously disrupts your productivity, it’s time to find out more about phone addiction.
In this article, we’ll define phone addiction, explain the symptoms of this mental health issue, and help you identify psychological consequences related to it.
What is Phone Addiction?
Phone addiction is a common mental health issue expressed by the obsessive use of a smartphone. It’s an emotional condition related to impulse-control problems that are also known as “nomophobia,” or the fear of being without a smartphone device. This mental health condition is usually caused by excessive use of smartphones. However, the real reason behind the addiction is the online applications, social media platforms, and games that people compulsively take part in.
Nowadays, there are about 5.11 billion mobile phone users worldwide, and the number is rapidly growing. Since the pandemic and its related consequences, such as online schooling and distance work, using smartphones has become vitally important. This tendency is one of the main reasons why the number of individuals struggling with cell phone addiction has increased in the past years.
Signs of Phone Addiction
Even though phone addiction isn’t officially recognized as a mental health disorder by the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition), research has already proven that it’s a form of addiction such as substance use disorder or compulsive behaviors such as OCD.
Here are some of the most common symptoms and signs of phone addiction:
- Excessive use of smartphones leads to decreased productivity.
- Experiencing negative feelings and thoughts while using the phone.
- Failure to use a smartphone less often.
- Putting social relationships or work at risk due to using smartphones.
- Need to download more applications and use them to increase your mood.
- Anger or tension when the phone isn’t available.
- Problems in social relationships or social isolation.
- Trouble completing tasks at work or school.
- Constant lying about smartphone use.
- Scrolling down social media due to anxiety.
- Using the phone in moments of feeling bored or alone.
- Compulsively checking the phone.
A person with a phone addiction doesn’t need to meet all these criteria, but as studies prove, these are the most frequent signs that might be risk factors for developing an addiction (Shoukat, 2019).
Psychological Consequences of Phone Addiction
Except for physical conditions such as neck problems and eye fatigue, obsessive phone use is also associated with several negative psychological conditions. In fact, a number of studies prove that constant use of smartphones can negatively impact our emotional condition and result in unhealthy behaviors. For example, based on a 2020 study, phone addiction leads to psychological distress and neuroticism among university students (Yik-Chuan Lei et al., 2020).
The following are some of the most common psychological consequences of excessive phone use:
- Sleep problems
In a cross-sectional study conducted in the UK in 2021, participants with smartphone addiction had poorer sleep quality compared to those who didn’t use their phones compulsively. Therefore, phone addiction is accompanied by sleep disturbances, including the likelihood of insomnia and decreased sleep quality. The reason can be found in the light emitted by phones that activates the brain and changes sleep patterns. As a result, excessive phone use might lead to different types of sleep problems.
- Depression and anxiety
Generally, people with smartphone addiction are vulnerable to developing anxiety and mood disorders such as depression. In particular, they find it hard to fall asleep, which provokes anxiety and makes them fear they won’t get enough rest to function well. Decreased mood, in turn, results in negative emotions such as lack of hope, guilt, or worthlessness that might trigger depression.
- Relationship problems
Issues related to social relationships are a very natural psychological consequence of phone addiction. Usually, people who obsessively use their phones feel socially isolated. They rarely spend time communicating face-to-face with their loved ones, and as a result, they often feel lonely and isolated.
Besides, smartphone use worsens offline relationships because individuals who spend too much time in front of the screen rarely find time to communicate with others. This often causes reduced quality of relationships.
- Reduced productivity
Excessive phone use also reduces productivity at work, in school, or at home. As the 2017 study shows, average employees who spent 56 minutes per day using their cell phones tended to be less productive compared with other employees. This can be caused by the worsening functioning of the brain and the inability to focus attention on tasks.
- Impulse control issues
Furthermore, phone addiction is related to impulse control problems, which are expressed in difficulty managing their behavior, expressing aggression, and engaging in compulsive behaviors. Excessive smartphone use is one of these common compulsive behaviors that are related to reduced impulse control.
What To Do About It
Although reducing the use of your phone may not be easy if you’ve already developed a phone addiction, there are some things you can do to change your unhealthy behavior, feel better, and improve your quality of life.
- Don’t keep your phone in bed – Other than the fact that keeping your phone in bed has a negative effect on your cognitive functions, it also disturbs your sleep and makes you vulnerable to using your phone all night.
- Keep the most often used apps off your home screen – Instead, put productive apps on your home screen that will remind you of healthy habits or help you learn a new language.
- Turn off notifications – One of the reasons why we can’t stop using our phones is that we receive notifications again and again. But if you turn off these notifications, chances are that you’ll reduce the time in front of the screen.
- Don’t charge your phone near the bed – Charging a phone near the bed makes us vulnerable to using our phones all night. So, let your phone battery die and use an alternative device to set the alarm for the next day. That way, you’ll avoid excessive phone use at night.
Get Help From Professionals
If these signs and symptoms of phone addiction seem familiar to you, try to consider our tips and break down the unhealthy use of your smartphone. However, sometimes this compulsive behavior makes it hard to reduce smartphone use on your own. If that’s the case, don’t be afraid to contact our therapists at Health for Life Counseling Grand Rapids. They will help you identify your problem and develop adaptive coping strategies to deal with it.