When given information about trauma origin and development participants will
- Describe the difference between PTSD and C-PTSD and understand the effects of each on individuals’ lives,
- Identify at least two marginalized groups in the United States and factors that contribute unique stressors faced and how these are connected to trauma, and
- Develop an understanding of clients’ experiences as well as how to recognize such themes and intervene with trauma-informed approaches in a clinical setting.
Bhui, K., McKenzie, K., & Bhugra, D. (2002). Racism and Mental Health: Prejudice and Suffering (1st ed.). Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Fernando, S. (2017). Institutional Racism in Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology: Race Matters in Mental Health (Contemporary Black History) (1st ed. 2017 ed.). Palgrave Macmillan.
Haines, S., Strozzi-Heckler, R., & Poo, A. (2019). The Politics of Trauma: Somatics, Healing, and Social Justice. North Atlantic Books.
Helms, J. E., Nicolas, G., & Green, C. E. (2010). Racism and ethnoviolence as trauma: Enhancing professional training. Traumatology, 16(4), 53–62. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534765610389595
Jackson, F., Jackson, L., & Jackson, Z. E. (2018). Developmental Stage Epigenetic Modifications and Clinical Symptoms Associated with the Trauma and Stress of Enslavement and Institutionalized Racism. Journal of Clinical Epigenetics, 04(02), 1–50. https://doi.org/10.21767/2472-1158.100096
Learn more about Michele Figuero, LPC
Western Michigan University Alumni, Psychotherapist at Health for Life Counseling Grand Rapids and The Trauma-Informed Counseling Center of Grand Rapids, EMDR level II trained, Mental Health Crisis Consultant
Learn more about Dr. Hiral Patel, LP
American School of Professional Psychology / Doctor of Psychology (PsyD), Psychotherapist. Dr. Patel has over 10 years of experience providing individual and group therapy to clinically and multi-culturally diverse population. EMDR Level II trained, and trained in Hypnotherapy.